What is Postinfarction syndrome?
Dressler’s syndrome can occur after a heart attack (myocardial infarction), heart surgery, heart procedure, or chest trauma due to an accident or injury. It is also known as post-myocardial infarction syndrome, post-cardiac injury syndrome, or post-pericardiotomy syndrome.
What is Dressler syndrome?
Dressler syndrome is a type of inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart (pericarditis). Dressler syndrome is believed to be an immune system response after damage to heart tissue or to the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium).
Is Dressler autoimmune?
Dressler’s syndrome is believed to be autoimmune in etiology with myocardial antibodies causing an inflammatory reaction that tends to be diffuse (Imazio and Hoit, 2013). Patients may present with pleuritic chest pain, friction rub, fever, leukocytosis, and sometimes pleural effusion or pulmonary infiltrates.
What causes Hemopericardium?
Hemopericardium is most often the result of acute blunt or penetrating trauma, from direct pericardial damage, myocardial contusion, or proximal aortic injury. Hemorrhage into the pericardial sac can rapidly lead to tamponade and circulatory collapse.
What is post MI?
post-MI pericarditis (back to contents) Also known as Dressler’s Syndrome, or post-cardiac injury syndrome (although these terms include other causes such as post-CABG pericarditis). This may solely include pericarditis, or it may involve a combination of pericarditis plus pleural effusions (pleuropericarditis).
What causes Beck’s triad?
It is caused by reduced diastolic filling of the right ventricle, due to pressure from the adjacent expanding pericardial sac. This results in a backup of fluid into the veins draining into the heart, most notably, the jugular veins. In severe hypovolemia, the neck veins may not be distended.
What type of hypersensitivity is Dressler?
The mechanism responsible for this syn- drome has not been identified, but there is a likelihood that Dressler’s syndrome is the result of a hypersensitivity reaction in which antigen originates from injured myocardial tissue and/or pericardium.
What does the word hemopericardium mean?
Medical Definition of hemopericardium : blood in the pericardial cavity.
What is a Pneumopericardium?
Pneumopericardium is a rare disease defined as the presence of air or gas in the pericardial sac.
What are the 3 components of Beck’s triad?
The classic signs of Beck’s triad include low blood pressure, distension of the jugular veins and decreased or muffled heart sounds on cardiac auscultation.