## What is genetic algorithm in simple words?

A genetic algorithm is a heuristic search method used in artificial intelligence and computing. It is used for finding optimized solutions to search problems based on the theory of natural selection and evolutionary biology. Genetic algorithms are excellent for searching through large and complex data sets.

**What a genetic algorithm is and what it is used for?**

A genetic algorithm (GA) is a heuristic search algorithm used to solve search and optimization problems. This algorithm is a subset of evolutionary algorithms, which are used in computation. Genetic algorithms employ the concept of genetics and natural selection to provide solutions to problems.

**What is principle of genetic algorithm?**

Genetic algorithms (GAs) are stochastic search methods based on the principles of natural genetic systems. They perform a search in providing an optimal solution for evaluation (fitness) function of an optimization problem. GAs deal simultaneously with multiple solutions and use only the fitness function values.

### Where is genetic algorithm used?

10 real-life applications of Genetic Optimization

- Traveling salesman problem (TSP)
- Vehicle routing problem (VRP)
- Financial markets.
- Manufacturing system.
- Mechanical engineering design.
- Data clustering and mining.
- Image processing.
- Neural networks.

**What is genetic algorithm Quora?**

Genetic algorithm is a population based heuristic search algorithm, where by repeated use of genetic operations, such as mutation , selection , crossover etc., successive new generations of better populations in the direction of search objectives are created by adopting Darwinian principles based on natural evolution .

**What type of algorithm is genetic algorithm?**

Genetic Algorithms (GAs) are search based algorithms based on the concepts of natural selection and genetics. GAs are a subset of a much larger branch of computation known as Evolutionary Computation.

#### What are two main features of genetic algorithm?

Fitness function and Crossover techniques are the two main features of the Genetic Algorithm.

**What is fitness value in genetic algorithm?**

The fitness function simply defined is a function which takes a candidate solution to the problem as input and produces as output how “fit” our how “good” the solution is with respect to the problem in consideration. Calculation of fitness value is done repeatedly in a GA and therefore it should be sufficiently fast.

**What is the significance of encoding in genetic algorithm?**

Alleles are the smallest information units in a chromosome. In genetic algorithm, an encoding function is use to represent mapping of the object variables to a string code and mapping of string code to its object variable is achieve through decoding function as shown in figure 1.