Why is SpaceX using methane instead of hydrogen?

Why is SpaceX using methane instead of hydrogen?

Why is SpaceX using methane instead of hydrogen?

Most previous rocket engines have relied on using fuels like kerosene in place of methane. But the main benefit of using methane is that it has a higher performance than other fuels, meaning the rocket can be smaller. Its lower cost, too, means the total cost of launching can be brought down.

Does SpaceX use liquid methane?

The engine is powered by cryogenic liquid methane and liquid oxygen (“methalox”) rather than the RP-1 and liquid oxygen (“kerolox”) used in SpaceX’s prior Merlin and Kestrel rocket engines.

Can we use methane as rocket fuel?

Methane is a promising fuel for the journey to Mars. Methane — more stable than liquid hydrogen, today’s most common rocket fuel — can also be stored at more manageable temperatures. Methane may be recovered or created from local resources, using in-situ resource utilization (ISRU).

How does SpaceX get methane?

He described how the SpaceX CEO wants to use the Sabatier reaction β€” a chemical process β€” to synthesize methane from the red planet’s atmospheric CO2 and subsurface water. The process would help meet the Starship’s refueling needs to get back to Earth.

Is methane better than RP-1?

(1) Methane vs Kerosene (RP-1) Although the density of Methane is 430kg/m3, it needs 3.5 parts of oxygen compared to 2.1 parts for RP-1. Hence, the Methane engine will carry less fuel but more oxygen by weight; around 20% larger tank than RP-1.

Is liquid methane a good fuel?

It is a group-14 hydride, the simplest alkane, and the main constituent of natural gas. The relative abundance of methane on Earth makes it an economically attractive fuel, although capturing and storing it poses technical challenges due to its gaseous state under normal conditions for temperature and pressure.

What fuel does Elon Musk use in his rockets?

Musk’s SpaceX is slated to become one of the first beneficiaries of GHI’s green hydrogen. SpaceX currently uses a kerosene-based rocket fuel to power its Falcon 9 rockets.

Does SpaceX use liquid or solid fuel?

SpaceX’s Falcon 9 uses only liquid propellants, rocket-grade kerosene and liquid oxygen, and the result, the astronauts said, was a relatively fluid flight. β€œIt was a very smooth ride. You could see it on the webcast,” Musk said after the launch.