Why did the Delian League anger Sparta?
Sparta was also nervous about the Delian League possibly over powering part of the Peloponnesian League. During the year 433 b.c. Athens banned trade with Megara, a member of the Peloponnesian League. This angered Sparta and its allies, and both leagues prepared for battle.
What role did the Krypteia play in the Spartan social system?
According to some sources, kryptai would stalk the helot villages and surrounding countryside, spying on the servile population. Their mission was to prevent and to suppress unrest and rebellion. Another point of contestation is the time of day at which the Crypteia operated.
Who defeated the Persian army?
Alexander the Great
The Battle of Issus, in which Alexander the Great secured a decisive victory over Darius III of Persia.
Why did Sparta get angry at Athens and the Delian League?
Sparta was a strong ally of Athens because the two city-states were both military societies. Sparta resented the growing power of Athens, which controlled the city-states of the Delian League. Sparta resented the growing power of Athens, which had fought the city-states of the Delian League.
What was Sparta’s response to the Delian League?
Sparta saw the war as over, and decided not to continue military action. The city-states who left with Sparta became the Peloponnesian League. Athens decided to continue fighting against the Persian Empire in modern-day Turkey.
What do helots mean?
Definition of helot 1 Helot : a member of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta. 2 : someone held in forced servitude : an enslaved person or serf.
Who beat the Spartans?
Despite their military prowess, the Spartans’ dominance was short-lived: In 371 B.C., they were defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra, and their empire went into a long period of decline.
Why did Persia lose the Battle of Marathon?
Their tactics had failed, their cavalry was absent and their archers were useless. Their more heavily armed and armored opponents, who could sense that victory was close, were attacking them from three sides and pushing them into the sea. The Persians fled back to their ships.