Who were the Pacific islands colonized by?
From the mid-nineteenth century onward, the Pacific islands came under the rule of Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.
When were the Pacific Islands first colonized?
While the first settlers of the Pacific Islands are thought to have crossed over land from northern Australia to New Guinea at least 40,000 years ago, evidence for human movement east of the Solomon Islands originates with groups of master seafarers in southern China approximately 5,000 years ago.
What Pacific islands did Britain colonize?
Britain’s Western Pacific Territories included Fiji (1877-1970); Tonga (1900-1952); British Solomon Islands (1893-1971); and more.
Which Pacific island was ruled as a condominium during the colonial period?
New Hebrides, officially the New Hebrides Condominium (French: Condominium des Nouvelles-Hébrides, lit. “Condominium of the New Hebrides”) and named for the Hebrides Scottish archipelago, was the colonial name for the island group in the South Pacific Ocean that is now Vanuatu.
How did Pacific Islands gain independence?
The decolonisation of Oceania occurred after World War II when nations in Oceania achieved independence by transitioning from European colonial rule to full independence.
Why was Oceania colonized?
Exploration began in the 16th century when Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed on the Mariana Islands. European colonization was fueled by a desire to defend nationalist pride, increase trade opportunities, and spread the Christian faith.
How did humans originally settle the islands of the Pacific?
Their computer simulations showed that the wind was an essential part of the early human expansion to these islands. While they sailed east from the Solomon Islands to Tonga and Samoa, the wind was at their backs, providing a smooth trip forward that let them populate islands like Fiji and Vanuatu.
Does Britain own any Pacific Islands?
The Pitcairn Islands (Pitkern: Pitkern Ailen), officially named the Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, are a group of four islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. The islands comprise a British Overseas Territory (formerly a British colony), the last remaining in the Pacific.
How did European countries use their Pacific island colonies?
European nations used their Pacific Island colonies in various ways. Some islands were essentially plantations and were dedicated entirely to agricultural production on a large scale. Whaling operations were also established on other islands.
Which Pacific island country was not colonized by a foreign power?
Almost the whole of Oceania passed under the control of European powers and the United States between 1842 and the end of the century, with the exception of Tonga, which remained under British protection (from 1900) with a consul who was not to interfere in internal affairs.
Who colonized Fiji?
On October 10, 1874, after negotiations had led to an offer of unconditional cession, Fiji became a British crown colony. The policies of the first governor, Sir Arthur Gordon, were decisive in shaping the history of Fiji.
How were the independence movements in the Pacific islands similar?
How were the independence movements in the Pacific Islands similar to and different from the struggle for independence in the United States? Similar: Both independence movements were the result of rights not being recognized by the colonizing power.
What is the history of the Pacific Islands?
(January 2018) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message) History of the Pacific Islands covers the history of the islands in the Pacific Ocean. Easter Island is one of the youngest inhabited territories on earth, and for most of the history of Easter Island it was the most isolated inhabited territory on Earth.
How have the cultures of the Pacific Islands changed over time?
Since the arrival of Europeans in the early 16th century, the cultures, populations, and economies of the Pacific Islands have been transformed to varying extents, at first by contact with passing explorers and then, from the late 18th century, by the influence of more permanent visitors such as castaways, beachcombers, missionaries,…
Why did the US take over the Pacific Islands?
France granted French citizenship in its Pacific territories in 1946; however, it jailed nationalist leaders in Tahiti and New Caledonia during unrest in the 1950s. The United States, which had strategic interest in the North Pacific territories it acquired, consolidated military positions in the area following World War II.
How did the Pacific change after the 16th century?
Since the arrival of Europeans in the early 16th century, the cultures, populations, and economies of the Pacific Islands have been transformed to varying extents, at first by contact with passing explorers and then, from the late 18th century, by the influence of more permanent visitors such as castaways, beachcombers, missionaries, and traders.