Which disease is caused by lead in water?
Adults exposed to lead can suffer from: Cardiovascular effects, increased blood pressure and incidence of hypertension. Decreased kidney function. Reproductive problems (in both men and women)
Which of the following is a common source of lead poisoning in infants?
Lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust in older buildings are common sources of lead poisoning in children. Other sources include contaminated air, water and soil.
Why lead poisoning is called plumbism?
Lead poisoning, also known as plumbism and saturnism, is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. The brain is the most sensitive. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, irritability, memory problems, infertility, and tingling in the hands and feet….
What does lead poisoning do to the brain?
In particular, lead can affect children’s brain development, resulting in reduced intelligence quotient (IQ), behavioural changes such as reduced attention span and increased antisocial behaviour, and reduced educational attainment.
What happens to nerves when lead gets into a child’s body?
Lead poisoning can cause peripheral nerve damage: this can cause muscle weakness and problems with the sense of touch. When researchers examine these damaged nerves, they find that the myelin insulation is often gone and the axons are destroyed. These changes prevent nerves from transmitting messages properly.
What causes high lead levels in toddlers?
Most lead poisoning occurs when children lick, swallow, or breathe in dust from old lead paint. Most homes built before 1978 have old lead paint, often under newer paint. If paint peels, cracks, or is worn down, the chips and dust from the old lead paint can spread onto floors, windowsills, and all around your home.
How do babies get lead in their blood?
Why is milk used as an antidote for lead poisoning?
Milk is not a remedy or antidote for poisons, nor does it protect the stomach from an ingested chemical or toxin. Other myths include having a person eat burned toast, raw eggs or mustard. None of these are a remedy.
What is the antidote for plumbism?
Antidotes and Other Treatments There is no antidote for lead. Treatment of lead poisoning consists of removal from the source of exposure. Chelation therapy should be considered for treatment of severe symptoms or markedly elevated blood lead levels.