When did polio come to India?
India committed to resolution passed by World Health Assembly for global polio eradication in 1988. National Immunization Day (NID) commonly known as Pulse Polio Immunization programme was launched in India in 1995, and is conducted twice in early part of each year.
Who brought polio vaccine in India?
In 1961, Dr Albert Sabin developed a “live” oral polio vaccine (OPV) which rapidly became the vaccine of choice for most national immunization programmes globally. Following the success of smallpox eradication in 1977, Rotary International launched its ambitious dream to eradicate polio in 1985.
Was polio an epidemic in India?
India has not had a case single case of wild polio virus since 2011.
Who ended polio in India?
INDIA: A push to vaccinate every child, everywhere, ended polio in India. India rolled out the Pulse Polio Immunization Programme on 2 October 1994, when the country accounted for around 60% of the global polio cases.
When did India become polio free?
Polio free India: India marks more than nine years since last polio case: India received polio-free certification along with the entire South-East Asia Region of WHO on 27 March 2014 by WHO. January 2020 marks the nine years since the last case of polio was reported in India.
When did India eliminate polio?
Although the WHA decision to eradicate polio was taken in 1988, India’s efforts to implement it started on a national level only in 1995-1996.
How India was affected by polio?
In 2009, India reported 741 polio cases, more than any other country in the world, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The last case was reported from the eastern state of West Bengal in 2011, when an 18-month-old girl was found to have contracted the disease.
Who created the polio virus?
Albert sabin (1906–1993) Sabin showed that poliovirus first invaded the digestive tract and then the nervous system. He was also among those who identified the three types of poliovirus.
Who created polio?
Jonas Edward Salk (/sɔːlk/; born Jonas Salk; October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American virologist and medical researcher who developed one of the first successful polio vaccines….
|Alma mater||City College of New York New York University|
|Known for||First polio vaccine|
What caused polio in India?
During the 1980s, hundreds of thousands of children in India developed polio because of the inadequate vaccine protection they received under WHO recommendations.