What potential postoperative complications may be involved with the patient who has radical neck dissection?
Postoperative complications following modified radical neck dissection (MRND) match those experienced with radical neck dissection (RND) and include hematoma, infection, skin flap necrosis, chyle fistula, marginal mandibular nerve injury, and carotid artery rupture.
What is Supraomohyoid?
The supraomohyoid neck dissection is a selective cervical node dissection that removes the contents of the submental and submandibular triangles (lymph node level I), the jugulodigastric and jugulo-omohyoid lymph node groups, and the lymph node-bearing tissues located anterior to the cutaneous branches of the cervical …
What are the side effects of a neck dissection?
Side effects of neck dissection
- Shoulder stiffness and arm weakness. The accessory nerve controls shoulder movement.
- Pain. You may also have some pain.
- A thinner, shrunken and stiff neck.
- Swelling (lymphoedema)
- Chyle leak.
- Blood clot.
- Other possible effects.
- Exercises for lymphoedema.
What is central neck dissection?
Level VI neck dissection and central neck dissection are terms often used interchangeably to describe surgical excision of all lymph nodes from the hyoid bone to the sternal notch between the carotid arteries, but the addition of the superior mediastinal lymph nodes in compartment VII should be included in the central …
What is functional neck dissection?
Functional neck dissection (FND) is a safe surgical approach for the treatment of nonpalpable and palpable mobile nodes in patients with head and neck cancer. The operation is technically difficult and requires a thorough knowledge of cervical anatomy. FND is based on the fascial compartmentalization of the neck.
How many lymph nodes are in the neck dissection?
There approximately 600 lymph nodes in the body, and 200 of this are located in the neck. A neck dissection is useful not only to remove the cancer, but also so that the nodes can be examined by a pathologist.