What molecule has 8 hydrogen and 3 carbon?

What molecule has 8 hydrogen and 3 carbon?

What molecule has 8 hydrogen and 3 carbon?

propane molecule
The propane molecule has three carbon atoms and eight hydrogen atoms (C3H8), from which a general chemical formula can be derived; CnH2n+2. There are three types of hydrocarbon molecules; Aromatic molecules which contain at least one ring in their structure.

What is 3 carbon atoms called?

A carbon atom bonded to three other carbon atoms is tertiary and is designated by 3°. For example, when we examine the structure of isobutane, we see that one of the four carbon atoms is tertiary; the other three are primary (Figure 4.1b). A quaternary carbon atom (4°) is bonded to four other carbon atoms.

What alkane has 8 hydrogen atoms?

Straight-Chain and Branched Alkanes

Table 1. Summary of the Straight-Chain Alkanes
Name Formula Number of Structural Isomers
Heptane C7H16 9
Octane C8H18 13
Nonane C9H20 36

What compound has 4 carbons and 8 hydrogens?


Name Number of Carbon Atoms Molecular Formula
methane 1 CH4
ethane 2 C2H6
propane 3 C3H8
butane 4 C4H10

What is the chemical name of Ch?

Methylidyne, or (unsubstituted) carbyne, is an organic compound whose molecule consists of a single hydrogen atom bonded to a carbon atom….Methylidyne radical.

Chemical formula CH, CH•, CH3•
Molar mass 13.0186 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless gas
Solubility in water Reacts

What kind of atom is a hydrogen atom?

The hydrogen atom is the simplest of all atoms: it consists of a single proton and a single electron. In addition to the most common form of the hydrogen atom that is called protium, two other isotopes of hydrogen exist: deuterium and tritium.

How do we name an alkane with eight carbons?

The principle of homology allows us to write a general formula for alkanes: CnH2n + 2. Using this formula, we can write a molecular formula for any alkane with a given number of carbon atoms. For example, an alkane with eight carbon atoms has the molecular formula C8H(2 × 8) + 2 = C8H18.

How many hydrogen atoms does an alkane have?

To calculate how many hydrogen atoms an alkane has, double the number of carbons and add two.

How would you name a 3 carbon side chain in a molecule?

The longest chain is 3 carbons, so “propane”. There is one carbon left. We call this “methyl”.