What is the Youth Criminal Justice Act Canada?

What is the Youth Criminal Justice Act Canada?

What is the Youth Criminal Justice Act Canada?

The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) is the federal law about the youth criminal justice system. The purpose of the act is to protect the public by: Holding youth accountable through measures that are proportionate to the seriousness of the offence and the level of responsibility of the youth.

Is Canada’s youth justice system fair and equitable?

The Youth Justice system is fair and equitable; it uses a rehabilitative method that helps reintegrate youth back into society as normal functioning citizens.

How many youth offenders reoffend in Canada?

A 2019 study by Statistics Canada 5 examined youth (aged 12 to 17) 6 re-contact and pathways 7 through the Nova Scotia CJS . 8 The study found that of the 2,838 youths accused of a criminal incident in 2012/2013, half (50%) had at least one re-contact with police within a two-year follow-up period.

Is the YCJA still in effect?

The YCJA replaced the Young Offenders Act (YOA) on April 1st, 2003 and was amended in October 2012 via the Safe Streets and Communities Act. It was amended again in December 2019 via An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act and other Acts and to make consequential amendment to other Acts.

Why is YCJA not effective?

One of the problems with the YCJA is the philosophy behind the act is that incarceration should be avoided at almost any cost. The thinking is young offenders have a better chance of rehabilitation in the community with supervision than they do in custody.

Is the YCJA good?

The YCJA is ineffective because of the following three components:It put public safety at risk,it is too lienent and it provides a high chance for youth to reoffend. Although YCJA is an ineffective law ,some people insist that YCJA is effective.

Can a 16 year old date a 18 year old in Canada?

In Canada, youth under 12 years old cannot legally consent to sexual activity in any situation. A youth under 18 cannot legally consent to sexual activity with someone over 18 where there is a relationship of authority, trust, or dependency (for example, a coach, teacher, or family member).

What happens if a child under 12 commits a crime in Canada?

Children under 12 cannot be charged or tried for a criminal offence under the Criminal Code or YCJA. When a child under the age of 12 is caught doing something illegal, the police will likely inform their parents, who can then get help from the child’s school or a community organization.

Has the YCJA reduced crime?

Over the past decade, there have been decreases in the: overall youth crime rate 49 (from 6,914 to 6,147 per 100,000); property crime rate (from 3,909 to 3,155 per 100,000); and. violent crime rate (from 1,944 to 1,838 per 100,000).

Is the YCJA successful?

The YCJA has succeeded in significantly reducing the rates of use of court and custody, without increasing recorded youth crime. There continue to be significant regional variations in rates of use of youth courts and custody.

What are the three youth justice laws in Canada?

In over a century of youth justice legislation in Canada, there have been three youth justice statutes: the Juvenile Delinquents Act (1908-1984), the Young Offenders Act (YOA) (1984-2003), and the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) (2003-present). A set of amendments to the YCJA was adopted by Parliament in 2012.

What is the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)?

The YCJA eliminated the process of transferring young persons to adult court. Instead, the YCJA established a process whereby the youth court first determines whether or not the young person is guilty of the offence and then, under certain circumstances, the youth court may impose an adult sentence.

What is the youth justice system?

The youth justice system affects individuals between the ages of 12 and 17 who get into trouble with the law. Our goal is to ensure a fair and effective youth justice system. Services and information The Youth Justice System

What is the purpose of the Statistics Canada Act?

(e) generally, to promote and develop integrated social and economic statistics pertaining to the whole of Canada and to each of the provinces thereof and to coordinate plans for the integration of those statistics. 4 (1) The Governor in Council shall appoint the Chief Statistician of Canada to be the deputy head of Statistics Canada.