What is the relationship between mass and terminal velocity?
When the velocity reaches the terminal velocity, νT, the acceleration has been reduced to zero. We see from this relation that the terminal velocity of an object is proportional to the object’s mass! The more massive an object, the faster it falls through a fluid.
What does the slope of a velocity vs mass graph represent?
The slope of a velocity graph represents the acceleration of the object. So, the value of the slope at a particular time represents the acceleration of the object at that instant.
Is terminal velocity higher for heavier objects?
When an object is heavier, the force of gravity is greater. Since terminal velocity is reached when drag force equals force of gravity, that will happen at a higher velocity for the heavier object.
Why does mass matter for terminal velocity?
Terminal velocity is reached when the drag force due to moving through air is equal (but opposite) to the gravitational force. Now, the gravitational force is proportional to the mass, while the drag force has nothing to do with mass, but everything to do with how large and “streamlined” the object is.
Is Terminal Velocity the slope?
a. The terminal velocity was the slope of the line on the graph.
Does weight Affect terminal velocity?
The weight of the object does affect the air drag force on the object and, therefore, its terminal velocity.
Why does mass affect terminal velocity?
heavy objects will have a higher terminal velocity than light objects. (Why? It takes a larger air resistance force to equal the weight of a heavier object. A larger air resistance force requires more speed.)
How does size and mass affect terminal velocity?
An object with a large projected area relative to its mass, such as a parachute, has a lower terminal velocity than one with a small projected area relative to its mass, such as a dart. In general, for the same shape and material, the terminal velocity of an object increases with size.