What is the medical term for periosteum?
Medical Definition of periosteum : the membrane of connective tissue that closely invests all bones except at the articular surfaces.
What does the periosteum mean?
The periosteum is a thin membrane on the outside of your bones. It serves to protect your bones but also has the ability to help them heal. It can even help your body grow new bone when damage occurs.
What is the root word for cartilage?
Chondro- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “cartilage” or “grain.” In medical terms, the form indicates “cartilage” and in scientific terms, it refers to “grain” or “granular.” Chondro- ultimately comes from the Greek chóndros, meaning “cartilage” or “grain.”
What does periosteum mean in Latin?
periosteum (n.) “the enveloping membrane of the bones,” 1590s, from Modern Latin periosteum, Late Latin periosteon, from Greek periosteon, neuter of periosteos “round the bones,” from peri “around, about” (see peri-) + osteon “bone” (from PIE root *ost- “bone”).
Is periosteum a bone?
periosteum, dense fibrous membrane covering the surfaces of bones, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner cellular layer (cambium). The outer layer is composed mostly of collagen and contains nerve fibres that cause pain when the tissue is damaged.
What is the suffix of periosteum?
The prefix in the term periosteum is peri- which means around; -um is the suffix meaning tissue, structure, and oste- is the root for bone. The definition is a structure around the bone.
What is the root of periosteum?
The word periosteum is derived from the Greek Peri-, meaning “surrounding”, and -osteon, meaning “bone”. The Peri refers to the fact that the Periosteum is the outermost layer of long bones, surrounding other inner layers.
Where can you find the periosteum?
The periosteum, endosteum and perichondrium are all layers of tissue in and around your bones. The periosteum is the sheath outside your bones that supplies them with blood, nerves and the cells that help them grow and heal. The endosteum is a membrane that lines the center of your bones that contain bone marrow.