What is the Elixhauser comorbidity index?

What is the Elixhauser comorbidity index?

What is the Elixhauser comorbidity index?

Description of the Elixhauser Comorbidity Index The Elixhauser Comorbidity Index is a method of categorizing comorbidities of patients based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) diagnosis codes found in administrative data, such as hospital abstracts data.

How is Elixhauser comorbidity score calculated?

The Charlson weights assigned to each comorbidity range from +1 to +6, while the Elixhauser weights range from −7 to +12 [5, 55]. Comorbidity scores then can be calculated for each patient by summing the individual weights of all comorbidities.

What is the difference between Charlson and Elixhauser comorbidity index?

When the Charlson Comorbidity Index was developed in 1987 it included 19 chronic conditions to predict one-year mortality, but has since been shortened to 17. The Elixhauser Comorbidity Index, which was developed in 1998, works on a similar system but includes 30 – or, for some variants, 31 – comorbidities.

How do you interpret Charlson comorbidity index?

Based on the CCI score, the severity of comorbidity was categorized into three grades: mild, with CCI scores of 1–2; moderate, with CCI scores of 3–4; and severe, with CCI scores ≥5.

What are 2 comorbidities?

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  • Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency.
  • Asthma.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C.
  • Hypertension.

What are the sample of comorbidities?

Although sometimes discovered after the principal diagnosis, comorbidities often have been present or developing for some time. Examples include diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), psychiatric disorders, or substance abuse.

What are the types of comorbidities?

Common comorbid conditions in older people include:

  • Heart disease.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Respiratory disease.
  • Mental health issues like dementia.
  • Cerebrovascular disease.
  • Joint disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Sensory impairment.

What is classified as a comorbidity?

Comorbidity means you have more than one illness (physical or mental) at once. There are many different causes of comorbidity. Some diseases, like obesity and diabetes or anxiety and depression, commonly overlap. There are many different theories for why certain diseases tend to be comorbid.

What do you mean by comorbidities?

Comorbidity means more than one disease or condition is present in the same person at the same time. Conditions described as comorbidities are often chronic or long-term conditions.