What is the climate of the Sundarbans?
The climate in Sunderbans is generally soothing and pleasant. Ordinarily, the climate in Sunderbans ranges from 34 °C and 20 °C, and the rainfall is extremely high. So the weather is almost always moist and with the humid air from Bay of Bengal blowing constantly carrying 80% humidity.
Where are the Sundarbans located?
The Sundarbans Reserve Forest (SRF), located in the south-west of Bangladesh between the river Baleswar in the East and the Harinbanga in the West, adjoining to the Bay of Bengal, is the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world.
Is Sundarban in India or Bangladesh?
The total area of the Sundarbans, including both land and water, is roughly 3,860 square miles (10,000 square km), about three-fifths of which is in Bangladesh. Sundarbans, northeastern India and southern Bangladesh, designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997.
Is Sunderbans a tropical rainforest?
The Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of Bangladesh.
How is climate change affecting Sundarbans?
Due to climate change the Sundarbans faces several challenges. With rising sea levels, islands are disappearing and the increasing salinity in the water and soil has severely threatened the health of mangrove forests and the quality of soil and crops.
Why are the Sundarbans important climate change?
Threats due to climate change The Sundarbans are in an area of the world that regularly experiences major tropical cyclones. These storms are similar to hurricanes and threaten the habitats of many species and human existence, especially in low elevation areas of the Sundarbans.
Which river flows in Sundarban?
You can say that Hugli is the Ganga of Bangladesh. This river is 260 km long and one of the distributaries of Ganga. This Ganga divides into Giria in Murshidabad into the Padma. Therefore, these are the Panchamukhi Rivers famous in the Sundarban area.
Why Sundarban is a habitat?
Sundarban is a unique habitat for its rich biodiversity; above the water, mangrove canopy is home to birds, mammals, reptiles while below the water, bivalves, sponges, algae overgrow its roots. In fact, Sundarbans the world’s only mangrove with tiger.
How many tigers are there in Sundarbans?
The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers.
What type of forest is Sundarban?
Sundarban forests are located in Ganga-Brahmaputra delta of West Bengal and Bangladesh. Mangrove forests of Sundarbans are largest mangrove forests of the world. Mangrove forests comprise of small shrubs or trees that grow in coastal saline or brackish waters.
Is Sundarban a jungle?
Sundarban Jungle has been named after the large mangrove trees Sundari (Heritiera littoralis). Sundarbans Tiger Reserve is estimated to have 400 majestic and fiery Royal Bengal Tigers. So, escape from the chaos of the city jungles to witness the only place on Earth with the largest concentration of this big cat.
What problems are the Sundarbans facing?
Lying in the low coastal zone makes the Sundarbans more vulnerable to floods, earthquakes, cyclones, sea-level rise and coastline erosion.
What is the Sundarbans ecoregion?
The Sundarbans area is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, and the population is increasing. As a result, half of this ecoregion’s mangrove forests have been cut down to supply fuelwood and other natural resources.
What is the agriculture like in the Sundarbans?
Part of the Sundarbans is shielded from tidal inflow by leaves and there one finds villages and agriculture. During the monsoon season, the low lying agricultural lands are waterlogged and the summer crop ( kharif crop) is therefore mainly deepwater rice or floating rice.
How big is the Sundarbans forest in Bangladesh?
The forest covers 10,000 km 2 (3,900 sq mi) of which about 6,000 km 2 (2,300 sq mi) are in Bangladesh. The Indian part of Sundarbans is estimated to be about 4,110 km 2 (1,590 sq mi), of which about 1,700 km 2 (660 sq mi) is occupied by water bodies in the forms of river, canals and creeks of width varying from a few metres to several kilometres.
What’s happening to the Sundarbans?
The people of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta—including the metropolis of Kolkata (Calcutta), India—depend on the mangroves of the Sundarbans for protection against storms and floods. As climate change destroys mangroves and worsens storms in the region, it puts lives and livelihoods at risk. The Sundarbans is the world’s largest mangrove forest.