What is the afforestation rate in India?
India ranks number ten in the world for forested area but only 120th in terms of the percentage of land area under forest. The Forest Survey of India (FSI) conducted in 2019 estimates a total of 807,276 square kilometres of forest and tree cover, which makes up 24.56% of the land area.
What are the types of afforestation?
Afforestation materials are mainly divided into three categories: seed, seedling, and cutting. The choice of these three types of afforestation materials and methods is related to site conditions, tree species, and age.
Why is there need for afforestation in India?
Afforestation provides other environmental benefits, including increasing the soil quality and organic carbon levels in the soil, avoiding erosion and desertification.
What is the revised Indian forest policy of afforestation?
The policy was revised in 1952 and again in 1988. The main plank of the revised forest policy of 1988 is protection, conservation and development of forests. 9. Taking steps to create massive people’s movement with involvement of women to achieve the objectives and minimise pressure on existing forests.
What is the rank of India in forest?
India’s total forest cover was 7,13,789 sq km in 2021, reflecting an increase of 3.14 per cent over 2011 even as it remained the tenth-largest country by forest area in the world, the Economic Survey 2021-22 said.
How many trees are planted each day in India?
Tree Planting by Country
|Name of Country
|Number of Trees Planted
|Position/Ranking in the world
What is the importance of afforestation?
Afforestation is necessary to combat the issues of global warming, soil erosion, pollution, and the maintenance of biodiversity and ecological balances.
What is the importance of afforestation for our country?
Afforestation helps to ensure that there are enough forests for wildlife to thrive in. Those animals pushed from their natural habitats by human activities can relocate to the new forests. For this reason, afforestation can aid in protecting wild animals.
What is Indian forest policy?
The principal aim of National Forest Policy, 1988 is to ensure environmental stability and maintenance of ecological balance including atmospheric equilibrium which are vital for sustenance of all life forms, human, animal and plant.
When did Indian forest policy established?
12th May, 1952
In Resolution No. 13/52/F, dated the 12th May, 1952, the Government of India in the erstwhile Ministry of Food and Agriculture enunciated a Forest Policy to be followed in the management of State Forests in the country.
Which state has largest forest cover in India?
Area-wise Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover in the country followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra.
How many types of forests are there in India?
There are broadly five categories of forests in India. They are named as Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical deciduous forests, Tropical thorn forests, Montane forests, and Swamp forests.