What is oral pigmentation?
Oral pigmentation is a relatively common condition that may involve any portion of the oral cavity. Multiple causes are known, and they may range from simple iatrogenic mechanisms, such as implantation of dental amalgam, to complex medical disorders, such as Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) and Addison disease.
What causes pigmentation in mouth?
Skin discoloration around the mouth is caused by excess melanin production in your skin. Hormonal changes, medications, and sun exposure are related to hyperpigmentation. Nutritional deficiencies, skin trauma, and other medical conditions may also cause skin discoloration.
What causes black pigmentation on oral cavity?
Smoker’s melanosis is a common, benign, reactive condition resulting in increased pigmentation of the oral mucosa from cigarette or pipe smoking. This process is thought to be a result of either the noxious chemicals in cigarette smoke or heat stimulating melanocytes to protectively produce melanin [2, 5, 7, 44].
How do you get rid of mouth pigmentation?
Depigmentation procedures such as scalpel surgery, gingivectomy with free gingival autografting, electrosurgery, cryosurgery, chemical agents such as 90% phenol and 95% alcohol, abrasion with diamond bur, Nd: YAG laser, semiconductor diode laser, and CO2 laser have been employed for removal of melanin hyper …
What disorders causes pigmentation in the oral cavity and skin?
- Racial pigmentation.
- Black hairy tongue.
- Amalgam tattoo.
- Peutz–Jeghers syndrome.
- Addison’s disease.
- Kaposi’s sarcoma.
- Smoker’s melanosis.
- Oral melanoacanthoma.
What causes pigmented lesion?
What are pigmented lesions? These skin spots and growths are caused by melanocyte cells in the skin. Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin, the substance that gives color (pigment) to the skin.
What is oral Melanosis?
Oral melanosis is benign pigmentary lesion of oral mucosa. It is seen more often in smokers. Though it is clinically asymptomatic, but remains a matter of concern to rule out underlying malignancy.
What color is oral melanoma?
The initial symptoms of oral melanoma often include swelling alongside a brown, dark blue, or black macule.
How can I remove melanin from my gums?
Laser Gum Depigmentation vaporizes and removes a thin top layer of the gum tissue, destroying the cells that produce melanin. As new tissue is created during healing, it tends to be pink rather than brown. The treatment may require a local anesthetic injection and has a short recovery time with manageable discomfort.
What does a pigmented lesion look like?
Pigmented skin lesions refer to lesions that are brown, black or blue in colour, or may be confused with brown or black lesions (for example, vascular lesions, which sometimes look black with the naked eye but under dermatoscopy appear red, purple or blue).
Is pigmentation cancerous?
Pigmented lesions are common and usually harmless. In fact, nearly all adults have at least a few of them on them on their skin. Pigmented lesions are usually no cause for concern. But some can develop into different forms of skin cancer.