What is marasmus and kwashiorkor?
Kwashiorkor, a severe protein deficiency, causes fluid retention and a protruding abdomen. On the other hand, the condition marasmus, which results from severe calorie deficiency, leads to wasting and significant fat and muscle loss (5).
What kwashiorkor means?
Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition. It’s most common in some developing regions where babies and children do not get enough protein or other essential nutrients in their diet. The main sign of kwashiorkor is too much fluid in the body’s tissues, which causes swelling under the skin (oedema).
What is the symbol of marasmus?
The main symptom of marasmus is being underweight. Children with this condition have lost a lot of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat. Subcutaneous fat is the layer of fat just under the skin. Dry skin and brittle hair are also symptoms of marasmus.
Why is kwashiorkor called kwashiorkor?
The name is derived from the Ga language of coastal Ghana, translated as “the sickness the baby gets when the new baby comes” or “the disease of the deposed child”, and reflecting the development of the condition in an older child who has been weaned from the breast when a younger sibling comes.
What is marasmus Class 8?
Marasmus is a form of malnutrition. It happens when the intake of nutrients and energy is too low for a person’s needs. It leads to wasting, or the loss of body fat and muscle. A child with marasmus may not grow as children usually do.
What is the difference between marasmus and kwashiorkor quizlet?
´The main difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus is caloric intake. ´Marasmus is characterized as minimal protein and energy intake, whereas kwashiorkor on the other hand is characterized as having minimal protein but with an average caloric intake. ´In other words, kwashiorkor is a protein deficiency disorder.
What is the effect of kwashiorkor?
Kwashiorkor is a form of acute malnutrition that occurs due to protein deficiency. Kwashiorkor is a serious condition that can happen when a person does not consume enough protein. Severe protein deficiency can lead to fluid retention, which can make the stomach look bloated.
What does marasmus look like?
Signs and symptoms Marasmus is commonly represented by a shrunken, wasted appearance, loss of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat mass. Buttocks and upper limb muscle groups are usually more affected than others. Edema is not a sign of marasmus and is present in only kwashiorkor and marasmic kwashiorkor.
Who discovered kwashiorkor?
In 1933, Cicely Williams was the first in Africa to describe kwashiorkor, the nutritional disease of childhood associated with a maize diet.