What is Gharar in Islamic banking?
The word gharar means uncertainty, hazards, or risk. In Islamic finance, gharar is prohibited because it runs counter to the notion of certainty and openness in business dealings. Gharar can arise when the claim of ownership is unclear or suspicious.
What is riba and its types?
Riba is a concept in Islamic banking that refers to charged interest. It has also been referred to as usury, or the charging of unreasonably high-interest rates. There is also another form of riba, according to most Islamic jurists, which refers to the simultaneous exchange of goods of unequal quantities or qualities.
What is Gharar and maysir?
Gharar (Arabic: غرر) literally means uncertainty, hazard, chance or risk. It is a negative element in mu’amalat fiqh (transactional Islamic jurisprudence), like riba (usury) and maysir (gambling).
What is riba Al Fadl example?
The concept of Riba al-fadl refers to exchange or sale transactions in trade which effectively result in the charging of ‘interest’ through the exchange of the same commodity, but of a different quality or quantity.
What are the two major kinds of riba?
There are two principal forms of riba. Most prevalent is the interest or other increase on a loan of cash, which is known as riba an-nasiya. Most Islamic jurists hold there is another type of riba, which is the simultaneous exchange of unequal quantities or qualities of a given commodity. This is known riba al-fadl.
Is usury same as interest?
Interest is a percentage fee you pay your lender for a loan, while usury is the act of charging excessive interest rates that are unfair to borrowers. Interest is a fair and regulated practice, but there are legal consequences to committing usury.
Is APR a riba?
Riba (Interest) – Islam prohibits the receipt or payment of interest. It is deemed to be haram. In car finance terms, this means that Muslims who want to remain Sharia compliant cannot borrow funds with an Annual Percentage Rate (APR) attached. An APR is an interest rate and is prohibited in Islam.