What is diabetes type 2 summary?

What is diabetes type 2 summary?

What is diabetes type 2 summary?

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood to become too high. It can cause symptoms like excessive thirst, needing to pee a lot and tiredness. It can also increase your risk of getting serious problems with your eyes, heart and nerves.

What recommendations should be given to type 2 diabetes?


  • Healthy eating.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Weight loss.
  • Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy.
  • Blood sugar monitoring.

What are the 3 foundations of type 2 diabetes treatment?

Healthy lifestyle choices — including diet, exercise and weight control — provide the foundation for managing type 2 diabetes. However, you may need medications to achieve target blood sugar (glucose) levels. Sometimes a single medication is effective.

What is the therapeutic principle for type 2 diabetes?

Loss of excess body weight and maintaining regular physical activity and exercise reduce insulin resistance and beta-cell workload and also benefit cardiovascular health and are thus the cornerstones of therapy of diabetes.

What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

  • High blood pressure.
  • High blood triglyceride (fat) levels.
  • Low “good” cholesterol level.
  • Gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
  • Prediabetes.
  • Heart disease.
  • High-fat and carbohydrate diet.
  • High alcohol intake.

What is the leading cause of type 2 diabetes?

Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. The location of body fat also makes a difference.

What is the best and safest medication for type 2 diabetes?

Most experts consider metformin to be the safest medicine for type 2 diabetes because it has been used for many decades, is effective, affordable, and safe. Metformin is recommended as a first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

What is the Pathophysiology of diabetes Type 2?

The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance, impaired regulation of hepatic glucose production, and declining β-cell function, eventually leading toβ -cell failure.

Who is at risk for type 2 diabetes?

You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you: Are over age 45. Children, teenagers, and younger adults can get type 2 diabetes, but it is more common in middle-aged and older people. Have prediabetes, which means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes.