What is a suprapubic catheter?
A suprapubic catheter is a type of catheter that is left in place. Rather than being inserted through your urethra, the catheter is inserted through a hole in your tummy (abdomen) and then directly into your bladder. This procedure can be done under general anaesthetic, epidural anaesthetic or local anaesthetic.
What is the purpose of suprapubic?
A suprapubic catheter is a thin, sterile tube used to drain urine from your bladder when you cannot urinate. This type of catheter is used if you aren’t able to use a catheter that is inserted into the urethra. The urethra carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
What are the indications for suprapubic catheter?
Suprapubic catheterization is indicated (when transurethral catheterization is contraindicated or technically not possible) to relieve urinary retention due to the following conditions:
- Urethral injuries.
- Urethral obstruction.
- Bladder neck masses.
- Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
- Prostate cancer.
What are the advantages of suprapubic catheterisation?
Decrease in urinary tract infection rates through reduced contact with genitalia before the catheter is introduced into the bladder; Reduced pain on catheter insertion; The procedure is less intimate than insertion via the urethra.
What size is a suprapubic catheter?
Supra pubic catheters are always a standard length and should be sized according to the tract, usually 16ch or 18ch for both sexes.
How do you do a suprapubic catheterization?
In this procedure, your doctor:
- Prepares the bladder area with iodine and cleaning solution.
- Locates your bladder by gently feeling around the area.
- Uses local anesthesia to numb the area.
- Inserts a catheter using a Stamey device.
- Removes the obturator once the catheter is in your bladder.
What is SPC in urology?
Suprapubic catheter (SPC) insertion is a very common urological procedure. It is practised widely by a variety of specialities and is a standard requirement that appears in the basic surgical trainees logbook. It has been suggested as a procedure suitable for clinical nurse specialist practice.
What are the types of catheterization?
There are 3 main types of catheters:
- Indwelling catheter.
- Condom catheter.
- Intermittent self-catheter.