What is a Smit sleeve used for?
Smit sleeves are used to facilitate insertion of the intrauterine tandem during brachytherapy for cervical cancer. When a tandem and ovoids system is used the base of the Smit sleeve displaces the ovoids distally.
How is a Smit sleeve placed?
The Smit sleeve is placed in cervico-uterine canal at the time of the first applicator insertion. It maintains the cervix dilated for subsequent applicator insertions throughout brachytherapy. Different types of cervical sleeve modifications have been used in prior studies [9, 10].
What is ring and tandem?
Brachytherapy for gynecological cancers can be done using a “tandem and ovoid” (T&O) applicator or a “tandem and ring” (T&R) applicator. The tandem is a long, thin metal tube that is passed through the cervix, into the uterus. The ovoids are circular hollow capsules, and the ring is a hollow ring.
What is tandem and ovoid procedure?
This procedure is also called tandem and ovoid implants. The tandem implants are the small, metal tubes placed inside your uterus. The ovoid implants are applications placed on the side of the cervix. Internal radiation is a temporary radiation implant that is removed before you leave the hospital.
What is Syed procedure?
High-Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy for Vaginal, Cervical or Endometrial Cancer using the Syed / Y-Applicator. Your radiation oncologist has ordered high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy (bray-key- THAIR-uh-pee) to treat your cancer. This procedure delivers a high dose of radiation over a short period of time.
How many types of brachytherapy are there?
Sure, there are 3 types of brachytherapy: low-dose rate implants, high-dose rate implants, and permanent implants. Low-dose rate implants, often called LDR for short, are implants that stay in for 7 days or less before they are taken out.
What is at and O procedure?
You may hear about the use of a tandem, a small metal tube, which is placed inside your uterus to provide treatment to that area if you have not had a hysterectomy. The ovoids are round hollow metal holders that are placed adjacent to cervix for some patients with cervical cancer.
Is internal radiation therapy painful?
Internal radiation is also called brachytherapy. A radioactive implant is put inside the body in or near the tumor. Getting the implant placed is usually a painless procedure.
What is a Syed template implant?
The Syed-Neblett template is positioned and sutured into the perineum. Needles are inserted into the target area under direct visualization through transverse imaging. The bladder and rectum can be directly imaged and thus avoided. Longitudinal imaging is then used to guide the needles to the appropriate depth.