What are the three propositional attitudes?
The most frequently discussed kinds of propositional attitudes are belief, desire and intention, but there are countless others: hopes, fears, wishes, regrets, and so on.
What is doxastic responsibility?
Doxastic responsibility, that is, being responsible for one’s beliefs, is an umbrella term for the set of doxastic behaviors and dispositions necessary for (a) finding accurate answers to questions, and (b) being justified in trusting our answers are accurate.
What is a propositional attitude in philosophy?
Philosophers have called such mental states “propositional attitudes” because they seem in one way or another to involve some attitude that an agent—a human being, an animal, or perhaps a machine—has to a thought or proposition, which again is often taken to be the meaning of the sentential complement that expresses it …
What is a doxastic source of justification?
One has doxastic justification when one not only has justification to believe a proposition but also believes the proposition and believes it at least partly on the basis of good reasons, evidence, or justification one has.
Are beliefs propositional attitudes?
Much of epistemology revolves around questions about when and how our beliefs are justified or qualify as knowledge. Most contemporary philosophers characterize belief as a “propositional attitude”. Propositions are generally taken to be whatever it is that sentences express (see the entry on propositions).
Is desire a propositional attitude?
The propositional attitudes are often thought to include not only believing, hoping, desiring, predicting, and wishing, but also fearing, loving, suspecting, expecting, and many other attitudes besides.
What is pragmatism as a philosophical movement?
Pragmatism is a philosophical movement that includes those who claim that an ideology or proposition is true if it works satisfactorily, that the meaning of a proposition is to be found in the practical consequences of accepting it, and that unpractical ideas are to be rejected.
What is an example of foundationalism?
For example, I know that Hitler was alive only because I justifiably believe that various historical texts describe him. So in this case, foundationalists would want to contrast my justified belief about Hitler with a kind of knowledge that doesn’t require the having of other knowledge.
What do we call it when we take a propositional attitude of truth?
Most contemporary philosophers characterize belief as a “propositional attitude”.
What is a propositional belief?
A propositional attitude is a mental state held by an agent toward a proposition. Linguistically, propositional attitudes are denoted by a verb (e.g. “believed”) governing an embedded “that” clause, for example, ‘Sally believed that she had won’.
What is desire example?
An example of desire is the feeling before a goodnight kiss. The feeling of wanting to have something or wishing that something will happen. (uncountable) Strong attraction, particularly romantic or sexual. His desire for her kept him awake at night.