What are the fractions of petroleum and their uses?
Give one use of each petroleum product….
- Petroleum gas: It is used as a fuel in homes and industry.
- Petrol: It is used a fuel in light motor vehicles.
- Kerosene: It is used as a fuel in wick stoves and pressure stoves to cook food.
- Diesel: It is used as a fuel in heavy motor vehicles.
What are the 5 main fractions produced from crude oil?
The fractions from crude oil include: • LPG • petrol • diesel • paraffin • heating oil • fuel oils • bitumen. LPG is liquid petroleum gas that contains propane and butane gases. 1What kind of fuel resource are crude oil and coal?
What are the 6 fractions of crude oil?
Fractional distillation of crude oil
|Fraction:||No. of carbon atoms:||Uses:|
|Refinery gas||1 – 4||Gaseous fuel, making chemicals.|
|Gasoline (petrol)||4 – 12||Motor car fuel, making chemicals.|
|Kerosine (paraffin)||11 – 15||Heating fuel, jet fuel.|
|Diesel oil||15 – 19||Diesel fuel for lorries, trains, etc. and heating fuel.|
What are the product of fractional distillation of petroleum and their uses?
The products obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum is Petrol (or gasoline), naptha, kerosene, diesel oil, lubricating oil, fuel oil, grease wax, and some residue. Was this answer helpful?
What are the two fractions of petroleum?
Diesel, petrol, kerosene.
What are the different fraction of petroleum refining?
The various useful fractions obtained by the refining of petroleum are:Petroleum gas,petrol,kerosene,diesel,lubricating oil,paraffin wax,Bitumen. 2)Petrol:It is used a fuel in light motor vehicles.It is also used as a solvent for dry cleaning.
What is paraffin fraction used for?
It is obtained from petroleum and used for burning in lamps and domestic heaters or furnaces, as a fuel or fuel component for jet engines, and as a solvent for greases and insecticides.
Which petroleum fractions can be used to make diesel fuel?
Diesel fuel is a mixture of hydrocarbons—with boiling points in the range of 150 to 380°C—which are obtained from petroleum. Petroleum crude oils are composed of hydrocarbons of three major classes: (1) paraffinic, (2) naphthenic (or cycloparaffinic), and (3) aromatic hydrocarbons.
How many fractions of petroleum are there?
Petrol, Diesel and Kerosene are all products (or fractions) of the process of refining Petroleum.
What are the useful fractions obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum Class 8?
The separation of petroleum into different fractions is done by fractional distillation. The various useful fractions obtained by the refining of petroleum are:Petroleum gas,petrol,kerosene,diesel,lubricating oil,paraffin wax,Bitumen.
What are the uses for fractional distillation?
Fractional distillation is used for the purification of water as well as separating ethanol and water. Fractional distillation is used in several industries like oil refineries and chemical plants mainly for purification and separation of many organic compounds.
Which two fractions are used as fuels for vehicles?
Coal And Petroleum Name two fractions of petroleum which are used as fuel. Least polluting fuel for vehicle is ________.