What are the effects of pump cavitation?

What are the effects of pump cavitation?

What are the effects of pump cavitation?

Cavitation causes pump performance deterioration, mechanical damage, noise and vibration which can ultimately lead to pump failure. Vibration is a common symptom of cavitation, and many times the first sign of an issue. Vibration causes problems for many pump components, including the shaft, bearings and seals.

What are signs of cavitation in a pump?

What are the symptoms of cavitation? The obvious symptoms of cavitation are noise and vibration. When bubbles of vapour implode they can make a series of bubbling, crackling, sounds as if gravel is rattling around the pump housing or pipework.

What is pump cavitation and what is its cause?

Cavitation happens when bubbles, or voids, form within a fluid because the pressure quickly drops below the vapor pressure. When the bubbles experience higher pressures they collapse, creating small shockwaves that, over time, damage parts. When these pressure waves punch tiny holes into parts, it’s called pitting.

What are the effect of cavitation in centrifugal pumps?

Cavitation in a centrifugal pump has a significant effect on pump performance. Cavitation degrades the performance of a pump, resulting in a fluctuating flow rate and discharge pressure. Cavitation can also be destructive to pumps internal components.

What are the possible causes of cavitation?

Common causes of discharge cavitation include: Clogged filters. Pipe blockage on the discharge side….Types of Pump Cavitation

  • Clogged filters.
  • Pipe blockage on the suction side.
  • Poor piping design.
  • Pump running too far right on the pump curve.
  • Conditions not meeting NPSH (net positive suction head) requirements.

Does cavitation cause overheating?

Cavitation is similar in that the low power protection will detect it and trip and protect the motor as well. But this condition means that the pump is running dry and no liquid is there to pump. That too will cause the motor to overheat.

Can high flow cause cavitation?

Discharge cavitation occurs when pressure at the discharge end of the pump is too high. High discharge pressure limits the volume of fluid flowing out of the pump, causing high-velocity fluid to recirculate between pump impeller and housing, causing cavitation.

What are the causes effects and remedies of cavitation in turbines and pumps?

Cavitation occurs when the liquid in a pump creates air bubbles because of the partial pressure drop of the flowing liquid. Insufficient net positive suction head available is the main cause of generating air bubbles. Changes in the liquid pressure in the pump turn the liquid into vapor.

What is cavitation and how can it be prevented?

Prevent air aspiration led cavitation Tighten all flange faces and gaskets. Tighten all pump packing rings and all valve stem packing on suction piping. Keep the velocity of the fluid in the suction piping at less than 8 ft per second. It may be necessary to increase the diameter of the pipe.