What are the 4 pillars of transitional justice?
According to the United Nations, the four key pillars of transitional justice are truth, justice, reparation and guarantee of non-recurrence.
What countries fought in the Yugoslav war?
The war was predominantly a territorial conflict between the Bosniaks, who wanted to preserve the territorial integrity of the newly independent Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb proto-state Republika Srpska and the self-proclaimed Croat Herzeg-Bosnia, which were led and supplied …
What is the purpose of transitional justice?
Transitional justice aims to provide recognition to victims, enhance the trust of individuals in State institutions, reinforce respect for human rights and promote the rule of law, as a step towards reconciliation and the prevention of new violations.
Who did the US support in the Yugoslav wars?
The Truman administration decided to provide substantial aid, loans and military assistance to Yugoslavia despite some concerns caused by earlier relations. Tito received US backing in Yugoslavia’s successful 1949 bid for a seat on the United Nations Security Council, against Soviet opposition.
What is DDR in transitional justice?
Transitional Justice and DDR This project examines the relationship between disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs and transitional justice measures. It explores the manifold ways in which DDR programs may contribute to, or hinder, the achievement of justice-related aims.
Is transitional justice international law?
In this section, it will be argued that international law and the UN have had three relationships to transitional justice. During the first phase, transitional justice was an observed national phenomenon that must not violate international legal obligations and the UN was not particularly active in this field.
Who destroyed Yugoslavia?
The Yugoslav army and Serbian paramilitaries devastated the town in urban warfare and the destruction of Croatian property. Serb paramilitaries committed atrocities against Croats, killing over 200, and displacing others to add to those who fled the town in the Vukovar massacre.
What is transitional justice in South Africa?
The term “transitional justice” describes a set of approaches that communities can use to move toward a lasting peace. Transitional justice typically has three key elements: ensuring accountability for crimes and atrocities, establishing truth, and fostering reconciliation.
Why did the US intervene in Yugoslavia?
NATO’s intervention was prompted by Yugoslavia’s bloodshed and ethnic cleansing of Albanians, which drove the Albanians into neighbouring countries and had the potential to destabilize the region.
Why did USA help Yugoslavia?
The action was part of the U.S. policy to drive a deeper wedge between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. Yugoslavia ended World War II with the communist forces of Josip Broz Tito in control. The United States supported him during the war when his group battled against the Nazi occupation.
What and who does transitional justice involve?
Transitional justice is an approach to systematic or massive violations of human rights that both provides redress to victims and creates or enhances opportunities for the transformation of the political systems, conflicts, and other conditions that may have been at the root of the abuses.