What are 5 interesting facts about Arctic Ocean?

What are 5 interesting facts about Arctic Ocean?

What are 5 interesting facts about Arctic Ocean?

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of all five oceans. The total surface area of the Arctic Ocean is 6 million mi2. The average depth of the Arctic Ocean is 3,953 feet. The deepest part of the Arctic Ocean is 18,210 feet in the Fram Strait.

What is the Arctic ocean famous for?

The Arctic Ocean is Earth’s northernmost body of water. It encircles the Arctic, and flows beneath it. Most of the Arctic Ocean is covered by ice throughout the year—although that is starting to change as temperatures climb. Pale and stark on the surface, the Arctic Ocean is home to a stunning array of life.

What are 3 interesting facts about the Arctic?

Fun Facts about the Arctic and Antarctic

  • The Arctic is the northernmost part of the planet, where as the Antarctic is the southernmost.
  • The Arctic circle is an imaginary circle around the North Pole.
  • The largest iceberg ever measured was 100,00sq km which is bigger than Jamaica.

What was discovered in the Arctic ocean?

Summary: An extraordinary animal has been discovered more than 1.5 miles (2.5 km) below the ocean surface off the coast of northern Alaska, USA. The new species is a type of bivalve mollusk (clams, mussels, oysters etc.).

Do plants live in the Arctic?

Approximately 1,700 species of plants live on the Arctic tundra, including flowering plants, dwarf shrubs, herbs, grasses, mosses, and lichens. The tundra is characterized by permafrost, a layer of soil and partially decomposed organic matter that is frozen year-round.

How old is the Arctic ocean?

The oldest (approximately 80-million-year-old black muds and 67-million-year-old siliceous oozes) document that at least part of the Arctic Ocean was relatively warm and biologically productive prior to 40 million years ago.

What resources are in the Arctic?

The mineral resources include major reserves of oil and natural gas, large quantities of minerals including iron ore, copper, nickle, zinc phosphates and diamonds. Living resources of the Arctic are primarily the abundant fisheries.

How did the Arctic ocean get its name?

Name: The Arctic Ocean derives its name from the word ‘arktos’ which means ‘bear’ in Greek. 3. Size: How big is the Arctic Ocean? The Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean on earth and covers less than 3% of the earth’s surface.

When was the Arctic ocean named?

Greek explorers of the late 300s B.C.E. discovered this ocean, with Pytheas reporting frozen waters located six days north of Britain. Ancient Greeks named these waters after the Arktos constellation found in extreme northern skies, a cluster of stars now known as Ursa Major or Great Bear.

What is the Arctic food web?

The main producers in the Arctic Ocean are phytoplankton, which are eaten by the primary consumers, fish and whales. Secondary consumers are seals and beluga whales, which eat fish and crustaceans. The top predators are polar bears, consuming seals and other fish.

Do trees grow in the Arctic?

In the Arctic, the tundra is dominated by permafrost, a layer of permanently frozen subsoil. The only vegetation that can grow in such conditions are grasses, mosses and lichens. Forests of spruce trees and shrubs neighbor these tundra areas, and the boundary where they meet is called the treeline.