How do you define gene therapy?
Listen to pronunciation. (jeen THAYR-uh-pee) An experimental treatment that adds a new gene or replaces or repairs a mutated (changed) gene inside the body’s cells to help prevent or treat certain diseases, such as cancer.
What is gene therapy explain with an example?
Gene therapy is the introduction of genes into existing cells to prevent or cure a wide range of diseases. For example, suppose a brain tumor is forming by rapidly dividing cancer cells. The reason this tumor is forming is due to some defective or mutated gene.
How would you define and describe a gene?
(jeen) The basic unit of heredity passed from parent to child. Genes are made up of sequences of DNA and are arranged, one after another, at specific locations on chromosomes in the nucleus of cells.
What is gene therapy explain its two types?
There are two types of gene therapy treatment: Somatic cell gene therapy and germline therapy. Somatic cell gene therapy involves obtaining blood cells from a person with a genetic disease and then introducing a normal gene into the defective cell (Coutts, 1998).
What are the advantages and disadvantages of gene therapy?
Gene therapy can be life-saving for some people with specific medical conditions, but it’s expensive and can cause side effects. The development of gene therapy is highly regulated by the FDA and National Institute of Health….Cons
- Potentially dangerous.
- Ethical issues.
- May cause infection.
What are the types of gene therapy?
There are two different types of gene therapy depending on which types of cells are treated:
- Somatic gene therapy: transfer of a section of DNA to any cell of the body that doesn’t produce sperm or eggs.
- Germline gene therapy: transfer of a section of DNA to cells that produce eggs or sperm.
What is gene therapy class 12?
Hint: Gene therapy is a new technique for treating the diseases at genetic level. In this technique healthy genes are replaced in place of faulty genes in an embryo. This technique is based on recombinant DNA technology.